Islam is the fastest growing religion of the world, and is also the second largest religion, comprising more than one billion adherents around the world. Islam came to prominence in the sixth century, in Mecca. Basic to Islam are certain beliefs, called Iman. A person can only embrace Islam, when his Iman is complete. Islam is described in detail in the Holy book of Quran. in short, Muslim beliefs
Oneness Of Allah(ImanBillah/ Tauheed)
The first and foremost requirement of Muslim Beliefs is accepting that there is no God but one. Allah alone is to be worshipped, this is called Tauheed.
As the Quran says “ He is Allah, none other than him has the right to be worshipped, the real king, the holy, the one free from all defects, the watcher over his creatures, the All-mighty, the compeller, the supreme. Praise beto Allah! He is above all that they associate as partners with him” (Verse 23 – Surah Al Hashr)
Opposite to Christian belief, there are no partners of God in Islam. Allah is alone, considering someone his partner is the deadliest of sin in islam, called shirk. Shirk is unforgivable and the antithesis of Tauheed.
The emphasis on Tauheed is depicted numerous times in Quran. Surah Ikhlas wholly describes the uniqueness and oneness of Allah.
According to a hadith “Narrated Abu Saeed Al Khudri: A man heard another man reciting (in the prayers): ‘Say (O Muhammad) : “He is ALLAH, the one” (112.1) and he recited it repeatedly. When the morning came, he went to the prophet and informed him about the matter, as he thought that the recitation of the surah by itself was not enough. Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in whose hand my life is, it is equal to one third of the Quran” Sahih Al bukhari.
Another fundamental belief in Islamis having faith in the existence of Angels. The holy Quran is believed to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through Gabriel, An Angel of Allah. A person is not a true Muslim, unless he admits that Angels are God’s creation, and they do what Allah commands them to do. They do not have free will.
The Quran says “ Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel- for he brings down the (revelation) to your heart by Allah’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe,
Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His Angels and Messengers, to Gabriel and Michael, LO! Allah is an enemy to those who reject Faith.” (Verse 97-98 Surah Al Baqarah)
According to a hadith “Narrated Aisha that the prophet said : Angels were created from light, jinn were created from smokeless fire and Adam was created from that which has been described to you (In the Quran and Sunnah) . Muslim
Prophets ( Ambiah, Rusul)
Next is accepting all the messengers of Allah as sacred and respected. A Muslim must have faith in all the messengers of Allah. The Quran shares the tales of lives of Moses (Musa), Jesus (Isa), Abraham (Ibrahim), Joseph (Yusuf), and many other prophets. Allah called them his pious men and messengers in the Quran, and restricts the discrimination among them.
As the Quran says, “And they say: We do not discriminate against any of his messengers” (Verse 285 Surah Al Baqarah)
Islam emphasizes on accepting all four revealed books, and believing in them to be a message of God, Namely Torah (Tawrat) revealed to Moses (Musa), Zabur revealed to David (Daud), Injil (Gospel) revealed to Jesus (Isa) and Finally Quran, which was revealed to the Last Prophet Muhammad.
As the Quran says, “The messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and so have the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His Angels and His books and his messengers.” (Verse 285- Surah Al Baqarah)
Allah is supreme; He alone is the administrator of all the worlds. Another part of the Muslim beliefs, that whatever has been done and whatever is going to happen is according to Allah’s will, and is written on a tablet and is safe in Allah’s possession. This means that all good, evil, benefit, loss, and even life and death is in the hand of Allah alone.
The Quran says, “Glorify the name of your Lord, the most high, who has created everything, and then proportioned it. And who has measured and then guided And who brings out the pasturage and then makes it dark subtle” (Verses 1-3 Surah Al Aala)
And “Who created and then ordained for it a measure(Taqdir)” (Verse 2 Surah Al Furqan)
Day Of Resurrection (Yaum-al- aakhir)
One of the most important elements of Islam is the belief that this world is mortal; everything here is secondary and temporary. A day of judgment is set to occur, where everyone will be resurrected and will be given the reward and punishment of the deeds they have done in their lives.
The Quran says, “But when there comes the deafening blast- that day a man will flee from his brother, and his mother and his father, and his wife and his children. For each one of them that day will have enough preoccupations of his own. Some faces, that day, will have upon them dust. Blackness will cover them. Those are the disbelievers, the wicked ones.” (Verses 33-42 Surah Abasa)
Also “Remember the day when we will call every people with their Imam; then whoever is given his book in his right hand, these shall read their book; and they shall not be dealt unjustly by as much as a hair’s breadth” (Verse 71 Surah Al Isra)
And “ And yet, they who are bent on denying the truth assert , “Never will the last hour come upon us!” Say Nay, by my sustainer! By him who knows all that is beyond the reach of a created being’s perception: it will most certainly come upon you!
Not an atom’s weight (of whatever there is) in the heavens or on earth escapes his knowledge; and neither is there anything smaller than that, or larger, but is recorded in his clear degree” (Verse 3 Surah Saba)
The Concept Of Reward And Punishment
Islam believes in repaying the deeds. Surah Al Rahman says “And a good deed gets nothing but good in return”. Muslims have a firm belief that all good people will go to heaven after the day of judgment, and in the same way the nonbelievers (Faasiqeen) will enter jahanum.
Martyrdom Muslim Beliefs
According to the Quran, the martyrs are very dear to Allah and they are not to be called deceased. The Quran says that they are alive and get their rizq (food). Martyrs are regarded very sacred in Islam, and the companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad fought wars with the disbelievers, and embraced martyrdom (shahadah).
Prophet Muhammad Is The Last Holy Prophet
The Quran has said several times that Muhammad SAW is the last prophet, and prophet hood ends with him. No one is a true muslim, unless he has the belief in holy Prophet being Allah’s Last messenger.
Islam Is The Only Religion Of The world
Muslim beliefs that Islam is the oldest and the only religion that has ever existed. But over the time, there were misinterpretations and corruptions in the teachings and the revelations. And to correct all the misconceptions, Quran was revealed to complete Islam.